25 years ago, Nelson Mandela was inaugurated as the first black President in the history of South Africa. He served as President from 1994 to 1999.
His election has been made possible as the first-ever fully representative democratic election took place in April 1994, after the apartheid has been abolished in 1991. The African National Congress won 62% of the votes in the election, with Mandela as the leader of the party at the time. He encouraged reconciliation between the country‘s different ethnicities and fought poverty and social injustices during his presidency.
Mandela, who served 27 years in prison for his activism against apartheid and human right abuse, is widely regarded as an icon of democracy and social justice. He is held in deep respect within South Africa, where he is often referred to by Madiba, and described as the “Father of the Nation”.
Mandela died on 5 December 2013 from a respiratory infection.